A Definition of Fake News
““[F]ake news”…[is] those news stories that are false: the story itself is fabricated, with no verifiable facts, sources or quotes. Sometimes these stories may be propaganda that is intentionally designed to mislead the reader, or may be designed as “clickbait” written for economic incentives (the writer profits on the number of people who click on the story). In recent years, fake news stories have proliferated via social media, in part because they are so easily and quickly shared online.” “Fake News,” Lies and Propaganda: How to Sort Fact from Fiction
21 Lessons for the 21st Century by Yuval Noah Harari
American Pravda : my fight for truth in the era of fake news by James O’Keefe
Breaking hate : confronting the new culture or extremism by Christian Picciolini
Calling bullshit : the art of skepticism in a data-driven world by Carl T. Bergsrom & Jevin D. West
The Age-Old Problem of “Fake News” (Smithsonian)
Fact Check: How to Decipher Online News and Information/Examples of Fake News (Walden University)
Fake News Archive (PBS NewsHour Classroom)
Fake News Workshop (Penn State University Libraries)
Fighting Fake News Workshop Report (Yale Law School)
Here’s What Non-Fake News Looks Like (Columbia Journalism Review)
How to Spot Fake News (and Teach Kids to be Media Savvy) (Common Sense Media)
The Quick Guide to Spotting Fake News (Freedom Forum Institute)
Should you trust media bias charts? (Poynter)
Sources for fact-checking the news
FactCheck.org: A monitor of the factual accuracy of what is said by major U.S. political players
Fact Checker (Washington Post): Truth check political figures and their issues.
NewsGuard: known as the “Internet Trust Tool” and helps internet users navigate through reliable and unreliable news sources online. The browsers on our public library computers are equipped with NewsGuard!
Politifact: rates the accuracy of claims made by elected officials and those who speak up in American politics
Snopes: internet reference source for urban legends, folklore, myths, rumors, and misinformation.
RAND Corporation: an index of online resources to use to check disinformation.
Video: How to Spot Fake News (video demonstration)
You can also check Online Resources (Masterfile Premier, Proquest Platform and Business Source Premier) on the Library website for more information.