What is Artificial Intelligence?
- Artificial intelligence (AI) simulates human intelligence in machines programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions rather than have real natural intelligence.
- AI may also apply to machines showing traits linked with the human mind like learning and problem-solving.
- AI comes in several types defined by the imbedded level of intelligence in AI machines.
- Some other terms used in place of artificial intelligence are machine learning, knowledge engineering, or neural network.
- A wide-reaching term, Artificial Intelligence points to robots, bots, chatbots, and others. Three types of artificial intelligence (AI) currently exist: narrow or weak AI, general or strong AI, and artificial superintelligence.
- We already use AI and machine learning in our everyday activities: for example, Google search and maps, smart home devices, chatbots, mobile check deposits, social media, e-payments and autocorrect, and more.
What Does Machine Learning do?
- Machine learning uses algorithms to parse data, learn from that data, and make informed decisions based on what it has learned.
- Deep learning, a subset of machine learning, structures layered algorithms that create “artificial neural networks” that can learn and make intelligent decisions on their own, imitating the workings of the human brain in processing data and creating patterns for use in decision making. It is also known as deep neural learning or deep neural network.
- The Alignment Problem: machine learning and human values by Brian Christian (available in print)
- Artificial Intelligence : a guide for thinking humans by Melanie Mitchell (available in print)
- Deep Learning by John Mueller (available in print)
- The fourth age : smart robots, conscious computers, and the future of humanity by Byron Reese (available in print)
- A Human Algorithm : how artificial intelligence is redefining who we are by Flynn Coleman (available in print)
- Human Compatible : artificial intelligence and the problem of control by Stuart J. Russell (available in print)
- A Human’s Guide to Machine Intelligence : how algorithms are shaping our lives and how we can stay in control by Kartik Hosanagar (available in print)
- Possible Minds : twenty-five ways of looking at AI by John Brockman, ed. (available in print)
- Reprogramming the American dream : from rural America to Silicon Valley–making AI serve us all by Kevin Scott and Greg Shaw (available in print)
- Robotics and Artificial Intelligence by Micah L. Issitt (available in print)
- AIEthecist.org A global repository of reference & research material for those interested in on-going discussions on AI ethics and how individuals and society are impacted by AI.
- AI Now Institute Part of New York University, it focuses on the implications of artificial intelligence.
- Artificial Intelligence: Organizations and Websites Organizations and websites about AI.
- EMERJ The AI Research and Advisory Company Their goal is to design and develop AI strategies.
- Machine Intelligence Research Institute It’s goal is to make sure that AI has a positive impact, and it does so by using mathematical theory of trustworthy reasoning for advanced autonomous AI systems.
- OpenAI An intelligence and research lab, its goal is to make sure everyone can benefit from AI.
- Organization for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence A nonprofit scientific society, it is focused on the advancement of scientific understanding of the mechanisms underpinning thought and intelligent behavior and how that is presented and reflected in machines.
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